The total area of Nagaur district – 17,718 sq km
The map location of Nagaur district is 25°25 to 27°40 north latitude and 73°18 to 75°15 east longitude.
Total forest area in Nagaur district – 235.93 sq km
Nicknames of Nagaur District → Ahichhatrapur, City of Tools, Metal City of Rajasthan
There are 10 Assembly Constituencies in Nagaur District, which is as follows →
1. Ladnun, 2. Didwana, 3. Jayal, 4. Nagaur, 5. Khivansar, 6. Merta, 7. Degana, 8. Makrana, 9. Nawan, 10. Parbatsar
According to the 2011 census, the population figures of Nagaur district are as follows
Total population — 33,07,743
Female — 16,11,418
Decadal growth rate — 19.2%;
Sex Ratio — 950
Population Density — 187;
Literacy rate — 62.8%
Male literacy — 77.2%;
Female literacy — 47.8%
Total livestock in Nagaur district – 31,50,011 (LIVESTOCK CENSUS 2012)
Total Animal Density in Nagaur District – 178 (LIVESTOCK DENSITY (PER SQ. KM.))
Historical Description of Nagaur District
Nagaur district History In ancient times, Nagaur was the capital of Jangal country. Nagaur was a part of the princely state of Jodhpur before the creation of Rajasthan. It was considered a pargana of the princely state of Marwar. According to ancient inscriptions and historians, the ancient name of Nagaur was Ahichchatrapur. At the beginning of Vasudev’s kingdom of Chauhan dynasty, the capital was Ahichhatrapur.
This city was ruled by the Nagavatan Jat kings for about 2 thousand years, who were later defeated by the Parmar Rajputs. After the Mughal rule was powerless, the Rathore kings of Jodhpur gained control over Nagaur.
Nagaur district History Nagaur holds an important place in history due to the valor stories of Amarsingh Rathod, the valiant son of the then Maharaja Gajsingh I of Jodhpur.
Nagaur district History Meerta, the birthplace of Krishna devotee Meera, is also in this district. The incarnation of Jambheshwar Ji, the founder of Vishnoi community, was also born in the village of Pipasar in the district. Kharnal village in Nagaur district is the birthplace of the folk deity Tejaji.
Nagaur got the status of District Headquarters after independence and on the formation of Rajasthan and the then Prime Minister Shri, Jawaharlal Nehru gave Shri Ganesh of Panchayati Raj on 2 October 1959 from Nagaur itself.
Major rivers of Nagaur district
Jojdi River – Jojdi River originates from the hills of Pondlu village in Nagaur district. It is the only river in the Luni tributaries that does not originate from the Aravalli hills. Nagaur district History It joins the Luni River from the west and is the only tributary of the Luni that joins the Luni River from the right side.
Other rivers flowing in Nagaur district – Luni, Harsaur.
Didwana Lake — The salt of this lake is not edible. Nagaur district History A fertilizer factory called ‘Rajasthan State Chemical Works’ was established in 1960 on Lake Didwana, which is the largest factory in the country. The salt of this lake is used in the leather and paper industries. The salt manufacturing institutions here are called Deval.
Navan Lake – Model Salt Farm (Model Salt Industry) of the Government of India has been developed here.
Others — Degana, Bhairona, Kuchaman Lake.
The lift of Indira Gandhi Canal supplies the drinking water to Nagaur from the Canal — Gajner Lift (now called Pannalal Barupal Elevator).
Historical and Scenic Places in Nagaur District
Fort of Nagaur → Names of the Fort of Nagaur → Naga Fort or Nagana. Nagaur district History This fort was built by Samanta Kaimas Dahiya Jat (K Maas) of Someshwar in Vikram Samvat 1211.
The specialty of the Nagaur Fort is that the artillery shells fired from outside this fort go out from the top without damaging the palaces of the fort. Nagaur district History The fort of Nagaur has a total of 28 bastions. Akbar got the Venus tank, beautiful fountain, and Akbari mosque built here. Prince Charles of England has visited this fort. Badal Mahal and Sheeshmahal of this fort are famous for murals. The Shaurya saga of Amarsingh is associated with this fort. In 2007, the fort was awarded the “Award of Excellence” by UNESCO for its cleanliness.
Fort of Kuchaman → Surname – Sirmaur of Jagiri Fort and Anakhala Fort. Nagaur district History This giri fort was built by the Medtia ruler ‘Jhalam Singh’ with the blessings of the Vankhandi Mahatma. The famous statement about this fort – “Such a fort may not belong to Ranee Jae, but it does not have it to Thukrani Jaaye.”
Khimsar Fort- Aurangzeb had stayed in this fort, presently this fort is a heritage hotel.
Malkot Fort – Merta, the builder – Maldev.
Famous temple of Nagaur →
Nagaur district History Kaivai Mata-Kinsaria, Parbatsar. The ancient name of Kinsariya was Sinhadiye. Kaivai Mata is the Kuldevi of the Dahiya dynasty. Its statue was installed by Ajit Singh.
Dadhimati Mata – The temple of Dadhimati Mata is located in Manglod, Jayal (Nagaur). Nagaur district History This mother is the total goddess of Dadhich Brahmins. It is worshiped in Navratras. The area around Manglod has been referred to as the Kusha region in the Puranas. There is a depiction of this mother’s temple from the exile of Rama to the slaughter of Ravana.
Bhanwal Mata – Nagaur, a goat is sacrificed in the temple of this mother.
Tejaji – Nagavanshi Jat, father-tahd, mother-prince, wife-pamalde, Tejaji was killed by a snake in Sandaria (Beawar, Ajmer) in Surasura (Kishangarh, Ajmer). The news of the death was brought by the mare Singari / Leelan. The idol of Tejaji was in Sursura, which was brought to Parbatsar, the ruler of Parbatsar.
Nagaur district History The main place of Tejaji – Parbatsar (Nagaur) fair – Bhadrapad Shukla – Dashami. This fair is the largest cattle fair in Rajasthan in terms of income. Most of the agricultural implements are bought and sold in this fair.
Baldev cattle fair – Merta, Chatra Shukla Ekam to Poornima,
Ramdev Animal Fair – Manasar, Maghu Shakla Pratipada to Purnima.
Hariram Baba – Jhorada village (Nagaur) Hariram Baba is famous for the treatment of snakebite. Instead of the idol in the temple, there is a snake bambi.
Veer Kallaji – Kallaji was born in Samiyana (Merta, Nagaur). Nagaur district History His Kuldevi was Naganechi Mata. Kallaji is considered to be the “incarnation of Sheshnag”. On 23 February 1568, Kallaji fought with Akbar by placing his uncle Jaimal on the shoulders. These are called lokadevata of 4 hands and 2 heads. Kallaji’s umbrella is in Bhairav Pol of Chittor fort. His main back-ranela (Sirohi), the main tithi sthal-samaliya (Dungarpur).
Meera Bai – Meera Bai was born in 1498 AD in Kurki village (Pali). Mirambai’s father Ratan Singh Bajoli was the vassal of Merta. Nagaur district History So Mirabai was brought up in Merta. Mirambai’s husband was Bhojraj, son of Maharana Sanga, who died in the Battle of Khatoli (1517). Vikramaditya drank the cup of poison to Meerambai, considering it to be nectar, and was drank by Meera Bai. Meera Bai spent her last life in Dakor (Dwarka, Gujarat).
Charbhuja Temple – In Merta, Meera Museum – Merta (Nagaur)
Sant Shiromani Shri Likhamidasji Maharaj Temple – Amarpura Dham (Nagaur)
Veer Tejaji Temple – Kharnal (Nagaur)
Jambhoji — He was born in 1451 AD Pipasar (Nagaur).
Naval Sampradaya-Founder-Navaldasji (Hasalao-Nagaur), Head Peeth-Jodhpur.
Niranjani Sampradaya – Founder – Haridas ji. He was born in Kapadoud (Nagaur). Haridas ji is called “Valmiki of Kalyug”.
Pradhan Peetha-Gaadha (Didwana-Nagaur) Mela Phalgun Shukla Ekam to Dwadashi.
Ramsnehi Sampradaya Rana Branch – Founder Dariyavji, Rina is also called Dariyapanth.
Saint Hammi-uddin-His dargah is in Nagaur (Tarakin’s dargah). Urs seems to be the second largest of Rajasthan here. He is called the second Khwaja of Rajasthan. His surname – Sultan of the sannyasis. His tomb is near the pond of Ginani.
Gusai Temple — Junjala (Nagaur)
The Shiva Temple of Jasnagar — Jasnagar (Nagaur)
Chaturdas ji’s temple – Butati village (Merta, Nagaur) is famous for the diagnosis of Chaturdas ji Maharaj parake.
There is a temple of Jeena Mata in Maroth of Nagaur.
Amar Singh’s Chhatri-is located on 16 artistic pillars near Jhada (big) pond in Nagaur.
Lachhan Gujari’s Chhatri-Nagaur-Tejaji fought with the Meenas of (Mer) Sirohi at a place called Madanwaria to rescue the cows of Lachhan. Lachhan Gujari, Tejaji’s wife was Pemalde’s friend.
Chaudhary Likharam – First District Head of Rajasthan.
Havildar Shambhudayal Singh – First Ashoka Chakra Winner.
Banwari Lal Joshi — Chhoti Khatu (Nagaur), U.P. And former Governor of Uttarakhand.
Other important facts of Nagaur district
The Panchayati Raj system in India was started on 2 October 1959 by Jawaharlal Nehru from Bagdari village of Merta in Nagaur district. At the same time, Panchayati Raj system was started in Rajasthan as well as in Andhra Pradesh.
Most cattle fair in Rajasthan — Nagaur
Rotu (Nagaur), the most religious place of the Vishnai sect.
Devoted poetess Karamabai is related to Nagaur.
The article of the Kanati Masjid – (1641) Nagaur – According to this, many Chauhans became Muslims during the period of Gauri.
Amarpur article, Bakalia article – Nagaur.
Jami Masjid article — Merta (Nagaur)
Kurada (Parbatsar) – copper tools have been found here. Before the reorganization of the state of Rajasthan, the first copper material was found here in 1934.
Khudi – (Nagaur), got a bowl of corrugated spout from here.
‘Matire ki Raad’ – In 1644 AD, between Amar Singh, the ruler of Nagaur and Karan Singh, the ruler of Bikaner. In which Amarsingh emerged victorious. (Note- In some books, Bikaner is also called Victory, which should be correct as only the army from Nagaur had no king or commander of the war, so there may be defeat.)
Gingoli (Parbatsar) – Here in 1807, there was a war between Jaipur King Jagat Singh and Mansingh Rathore of Jodhpur. Jaipur King Jagatsingh emerged victorious in this war.
Nagaur district History Akbar established the Nagaur court in 1570 AD.
Dabra scandal — occurred on March 13, 1947, in which Chunni Lal Sharma, Rugharam Chaudhary, Ramaram Chaudhary were martyred.
Dariya-stalka village is famous of Nagaur.
The district with the lowest tribe percentage is Nagaur.
Gogelaev Conservation Reserve-Nagaur, Establishment-09 March 2012.
Rotu Conservation Reserve — Nagaur, Established 29 May 2012
Cumin mandi-merta (Nagaur) in Rajasthan.
Gir and Nagauri Breeding Center of Cow – Nagaur.
Nagauri bull is famous for agricultural activities (Badawas of Nagaur).
The goats of ‘Varun village’ of Nagaur district are famous.
The Dewana hill is a major tungsten production area in India.
Bhadwasi of Nagaur, Goth Manglod, Manglu is famous for gypsum production.
The best type of marble in Rajasthan is found in white marble — Makrana (Nagaur), making the Taj Mahal in Agra and the Victoria Memorial in Kolkata.
The second nuclear power plant of the state is being built at Khivansar (Nagaur).
Safed Cement-Gotan (Nagaur) The state’s first cement factory (JK White Cement) was established here in 1984.
Announcement of setting up of cement plant by Abunja Cement Company at Mundwa village, Nagaur.
Worst Spinning Mill – Ladnun (Nagaur) is famous for spinning.
Akbar’s court gem was Abul Fazal of Nagaur.
India’s first rail bus service was run from Merta Road to Merta City on 12 October 1994.
Harabuji was born in Bhundel Nagaur.
The country’s first underground gas power station was built in Rajasthan at Merta Road (Nagaur).
Khivansar na on July 2010