Sikar is one of the recorded urban communities, which is situated in the Shekhawati area of Rajasthan State in India. It pursues the glorious workmanship, culture and Padharo Mhare Desh custom of Rajasthan. It is the authoritative headquarter of Sikar Region. Sikar is arranged halfway among Bikaner and Agra on National Parkway number 11. It is very much associated with Jaipur, which is 114 km away, Jodhpur (320 km away), Bikaner (215 km away) and Delhi (280 km away).
Sikar had been the greatest Thikana (Bequest) of the Jaipur state. Already Sikar was known as Nehrawati. It was the capital town of Thikana Sikar. Sikar is encompassed by the strengthened dividers comprising of seven “Pols” (doors). These noteworthy doors are named as Bawari entryway, Fatehpuri Door, Nani Entryway, Surajpole Entryway, Dujod Door Old, Dujod Entryway New and Chandpole Door. The crude name of Sikar was “Lager Bianca Bass”.
Raja Bahadur Singh Shekhawat, the Ruler of Khandela, talented the “Brew Bhan Ka Bass” to Rao Daulat Singh who was the child of Rao Jaswant Singh from Kasli Thikana. In 1687, Rao Daulat Singh Ji set out the principal establishment of new Thikana Sikar at Lager Bhan Ka Bass and fabricated the noteworthy stronghold here. Later his child Rao Shiv Singh (1721/1748) who was known for his solid, brave, shrewd and striking qualities took the work in hands and finished the fortification and different royal residences. Shiv Singh, because of his appealing identity, was the most conspicuous Rao Raja of Sikar. He improved the whole town with a solid “Parkota” environment. He was a religious man which appears in a well-known sanctuary of “Gopinath Ji”, developed by him. He was an extraordinary state developer, strong warrior, and an incredible admirer of craftsmanship works of art and engineering.
The successor lords after Shiv Singh were Rao Samrath Singh, Rao Nahar Singh, and Rao Chand Singh. Rao Devi Singh climbed the royal position of Sikar after Chand Singh. He was again an extraordinary warrior and ruler. He governed Sikar very effectively. He made Sikar as the most grounded home in Shekhawati by his decision abilities. He built the strongholds of Raghunathgarh and Deogarh and furthermore established Ramgarh Shekhawati. The wonderful sanctuary of Raghunath Ji and Hanumanji recounts the tale of his religious tendency. He was popular to the point that his period is known as the brilliant decision time of Sikar. He passed on in the year 1795. Devi Singh’s child Rao Raja Laxman Singh Ji was likewise an incredible ruler. He assembled the “Laxmangarh Fortification” on the dissipated bits of rocks which is an extraordinary work of engineering. Maharaja Sawai Jagat Singh Ji SahebBahadur (II), the lord of Jaipur was abundantly satisfied with him, accordingly the title of ‘Rao Raja’ was presented upon him by the ruler. His period was significantly known for his affection towards craftsmanship, culture, religion, and learning. He was extremely altruistic, the Sikar state was prosperous in his period. The Seth’s and the rich individuals got the eminent structures assembled and the works of art on them are as yet worth seeing.
Rao Raja Smash Pratap Singh who climbed the position of royalty after Laxman Singh developed a marble castle. The brilliant artworks on its dividers are appealing even at this point. The progressive leaders of Sikar, for example, Rao Raja Bhairon Singh, Rao Raja Sir Madhav Singh Bahadur (1866/1922), who was allowed with the title of Bahadur in 1886. Rao Raja Madhav Singh manufactured colossal Victoria Jewels Celebration Corridor and Madhav Niwas Kothi which are the superb instances of his adoration for engineering and depictions. He was constantly worried for people in general welfare. Amid the starvation emergency in 1899 (Samvat 1956), he began numerous starvation help work for poor people and hungry individuals. It is apparent from ‘Madhav Sagar Lake’, which was worked in 1899. This lake was made at the expense of Rs. 56000 which plainly talks about the consideration of his ruler. It was in the seasons of Madhav Singh that Sikar saw the main light of power. The streets were likewise developed in his time. The old landmarks, strongholds, royal residences, limit dividers, and sanctuaries were reproduced in his time. He was solid and bold. He had welcoming relations with the English Government. The study of Railroad from Jaipur to Sikar was practiced in his period. After Madhav Singh, the honored position of Sikar was rose to Kalyan Singh.
Rao Raja Kalyan Singh was the last leader of Sikar (1922/1967). Kalyan Singh had been popular for his affection for generous buildings, castles, sanctuaries, and lakes. He administered over Sikar for a long time. He assembled the clock tower, which adds magnificence to the town. For the welfare of open, he got the Kalyan Medical clinic and Kalyan School assembled. He passed on in 1967.
Sikar is an interesting and appealing spot for the visitor. The fresco Works of art on the old haveli’s, sanctuaries, and fortifications enrapture the vacationer from over the globe. Sikar was the administration of illustrious Shekhawat rulers. Still there are numerous illustrious Shekhawat family live in Sikar. One of the best Shekhawat, Mr. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, previous VP of India likewise has a place with (Khachriyawas) Sikar. Three most conspicuous business groups of the nation viz. Bajajs, Birlas, and Goenkas additionally have a place with the locale.
Some portion of the Shekhawati locale of Rajasthan, Sikar was a piece of the Sikar Bequest or Sikar Thikana, which was the biggest domain in the Jaipur area. Veerbhan Jat having a place with Khichar gotra is the author of Sikar, which along with these lines, is known as Veerbhan-Ka-Bas. It is additionally trusted that Sikar was really named by jagirdar Rao Shiv Shankar Shekhawat. The Sikar Home is bound by dividers with seven doors to be specific Fatehpuri Entryway, Bawari Entryway, Nani Door, Dujod Entryway Old, Surajpole Entryway, Chandpole Entryway, and Dujod Entryway New. The mass of the marble royal residence which was worked by Laxman Singh is embellished with brilliant painting. Rao Raja Smash Pratap Singh is the primary ruler to sit on the royal position after the royal residence was assembled. He was trailed by Bhairon Singh, Sir Madhav Singh Bahadur – who got the renowned title of Bahadur in 1886 – and Madhav Singh. Madhav Singh was known for his enthusiasm for painting and engineering and constructed Victoria Madhav Niwas Kothi and Precious stone Celebration Corridor. Kalyan Singh was the last Rao Raja to sit on the position of a royalty of Sikar