The Rajasthan: Congress leaders boycotted the celebrations on the day of its Formation. It has been 74 years since Rajasthan was formed. On March 30, 1949, the then Home Minister Sardar Patel inaugurated Greater Rajasthan in a ceremony held at the City Palace in Jaipur.
Rajasthan has changed a lot in 74 years, but there is still no change in political differences and tussles.
The ceremony that took place on March 30, 1949 to lay the foundation of Rajasthan started with controversy and mutual bitterness of Congress leaders.
Congress leaders who fought for independence were against the first Chief Minister of the state and later died by removing them. The same tussle continues in Congress.
Angry and boycotted the ceremony
The Rajasthan: Congress leaders boycotted the celebrations on the day of its inauguration. On March 30, 1949, the controversy started with the ceremony of laying the foundation of Rajasthan to Greater. Congress leaders were angry over the seating arrangements at the opening ceremony of Greater Rajasthan held at the City Palace.
Veteran Congress leaders, who were freedom fighters, had even boycotted the event, calling the seating arrangement “grossly insulting”.
When the veteran Congress leaders did not get a chance to sit, they even boycotted the ceremony. The biggest reason for boycotting the opening ceremony was that Congress leaders were given a place to sit in the back, while the kings and vassals of that time were seated in the front row.
Jaipur: Congress leaders boycotted the ceremony after the inauguration of Rajasthan, due to which there was huge opposition to the retreat of veteran freedom fighters like Jaynarayan Vyas, Manikyalal Verma and due to this, they boycotted the ceremony.
The opening ceremony added to the excitement
This incident had sown the seeds of bitterness. At that time, the leaders were also angry with Hiralal Shastri, who took oath as prime minister. The incident has been mentioned in detail in the newspaper report of that time and the books were written on the Rajasthan: Congress leaders boycotted the celebrations on the day of its inauguration. unification of Rajasthan.
Leaders blamed Hiralal Shastri for the incident. This incident increased the resentment in Congress towards him.
The controversy in the Congress started after what happened on March 30, 1949, to lay the foundation of Rajasthan.The protocol was decided by the Diwan of Jaipur
Congress leaders have also mentioned in their autobiographies the incident that took place at the inauguration ceremony of Rajasthan. Hiralal Shastri has clarified this incident in his autobiography Direct Life Sciences.
Shastri clarified that the ceremony was arranged under the supervision of Jaipur’s Diwan Sir VT Krishnamachari, which there was probably something wrong with the seating arrangement and due to this, Jaynarayan Vyas and Manikyalal Verma, etc. left the ceremony.
Factionalism begins in Congress with the formation of Rajasthan
Most of the leaders were against Hiralal Shastri, who was made the first Chief Minister of Rajasthan. Hiralal Shastri had the support of the then Home Minister Sardar Patel.
For this reason, he got the opportunity to become the first Chief Minister. He had to be removed later due to opposition from Hiralal Shastri. With the foundation of Rajasthan, factionalism started in Congress.
Factionalism and strife continued to grow :
- With the laying of the foundation of Rajasthan on March 30, 1949, the differences in the Congress deepened. Rajasthan: Congress leaders had a dispute on the day of the inauguration of Rajasthan, angry with the kings, and there was a dispute.
- Congress leaders were against Hiralal Shastri being made the first chief minister. Congress leaders Jaynarayan Vyas and Manikyalal Verma were in favour.
- Heeralal Shastri was accused of entering into an agreement with the princely state of Jaipur during the Quit India Movement, due to which Congress leaders were not ready to accept him as chief minister. Rajasthan: Congress leaders boycotted the celebrations on the day of its inauguration. Hiralal Shastri had the support of the then Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and due to this, he was able to become the Chief Minister of Rajasthan.
- At that time, the state ministry was adamant about making Shastri the first Chief Minister. Under pressure from Patel, Shastri was made the chief minister, but Congress leaders never accepted him and this is where the confrontation started.
Maharaja Sawai Man Singh was the head of Rajasthan till October 1956.
At the inauguration of Greater Rajasthan, the then Maharaja Sawai Man Singh of Jaipur was sworn in as the head of the state and Maharao Bhim Singh of Kota as the deputy head of the state. After this, Raj Chief Sawai Man Singh administered the oath of office to Hiralal Shastri as the first Prime Minister of Rajasthan.
There Rajasthan: Congress leaders boycotted the celebrations on the day of its inauguration. Before the constitution came into force on January 26, 1950, the post of Prime Minister was replaced by the Chief Minister, after the constitution came into force, this post was named Chief Minister. Even in the native states, there used to be the post of Prime Minister. In Rajasthan, the post of head of state remained till October 1956.
Sawai Man Singh continued to hold this post, as the agreement promised him the post of head of state for life. At that time, the Ministry of State had divided the states into categories and fixed the posts of the head of the state. In 1956, the system of head of state was abolished, the post of governor was created.
Jaipur became the capital of Rajasthan due to the condition of Sawai Man Singh :
At the time of independence, the Rajasthan: Congress leaders boycotted the celebrations on the day of its inauguration. There were 19 princely states and three bases in Rajasthan. The kings of the large princely states had laid down their own conditions regarding the merger, some of which were considered. Sawai Man Singh, the then ruler of Jaipur, had placed five conditions before the State Ministry.
Among the five conditions of Sawai Man Singh, making Jaipur the capital was also prominent. Jaipur became the capital of Rajasthan due to this condition that Congress leaders were angry with sitting behind the kings. Sardar Patel intervened and formed a committee, which recommended making Jaipur the capital.
Condition of making the hereditary head of state from Jaipur royal family on the model of UK monarchy
New Delhi: Congress leaders on Tuesday boycotted the ceremony after the inauguration of Rajasthan.’ There was a controversy on the day of the inauguration of Rajasthan: Congress leaders were angry with sitting behind the kings. The boycott of the ceremony was put on the condition that the head of the Jaipur royal family should be made the head of the state of hereditary Rajasthan. Sawai Man Singh wanted the post of head of state on the model of UK Rajshahi. This condition was not considered. The only thing that was done was that Sawai Man Singh would remain the head of state for life, but in 1956 the central government changed this provision as well.